In , the theater was evacuated to Tashkent; in its building, the joined in troupes of the Moscow Lensovet Theater and the Moscow Drama Theater worked. In , the theater was named after the poet Vladimir Mayakovsky. The brightest stage in the history of the theater began with the arrival of Andrei Goncharov.
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He took over as art director in and managed the theater for more than 30 years, until his death in On October 1, in the basement of the house number 10 in B. Young writers V. Ardov, N. Aduev, Vl. Mass, B. Volin, V. Tipot, N. Erdman, L. Nikulin, A. And at the head of the new, young theater David Gutman stood. At that time he was forty years old, he had experience both as a theater director, and as a director, owning stage tricks.
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But the main thing that he could do was to stir up the imagination of any of the young authors with exciting and fun suggestions, he could pick up and enrich the inventions of the interlocutors, come up with a miniature story for each sketch, find a dramatic form. The play "Moscow from the Point of View" for a long time determined the future of the theater.
Moscow recognized the Theater of Satire as its own. Views became the leading genre of the repertoire, and small plays and parodies remained the same views set in the semi-constructivist, semi-traditional style that prevailed in the s in many theaters. No one put observations at that time in Moscow. There were no templates, but the principle was preserved - on the dramatic core, preserving the main idea, they were strung on the topic of the day. The chain of dynamic episodes was interrupted by dances, interludes, couplets, which easily fit into the dramatic canvas.
- Women in Russian Theatre: The Actress in the Silver Age;
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- Women in Nineteenth-Century Russia.
- The House of Stairs.
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Decorative design was based on the technology of lightning changes. In the s, the theater changed its address — it moved from the lived-in basement to Sadovo-Triumfalnaya, where later, in the s, the Sovremennik Theater would open. The dominance of the review was replaced by the dominance of comedy and vaudeville. In , N. Gorchakov, a student of K. Stanislavsky and E. Vakhtangov, replaced Gutman and his team. Gorchakov loved bright forms; he was close to the tradition of vaudeville and easy, clever comedy. The review was replaced by a dramaturgy in which irony, affection for aphoristicism, paradoxical situations prevailed.
From contemporaries they made V. Shkvarkin, V. Kataev, A. Mariengof, from the classics - Moliere, Saltykov-Shchedrin. The Moscow State Children's Fairy Theater was created in specifically with the intention that the guests of the theater, when they came to the performance, thought that they had fallen into a fairy tale, as the architecture of the theater building itself, as well as its decor and interior, are of this nature. The theater is a castle of soft pink color with a roof covered with dark red tiled color. The venue of the performances is a small hall for a hundred people, which is also accessible to people with limited mobility.
The peculiarity of the theatrical performances of this theater is the use of walking sticks, which are used to create performances based on fairy tales and stories. The unusual interior, unusual style of performances, the atmosphere of comfort, kindness and warmth attracts both young and adult viewers to the Moscow State Children's Fairy Theater. The International Theater Day, annually celebrated on March 27, became in the date of the appearance in the capital of a new professional creative team - the Moscow Drama Theater " Soprichastie".
Chekhov, "The Fox and the Grapes" by G. Figueiredu, "Provincial" by I.
Chekhov in the staging of Y. Olesha and a number of other performances, who managed to win the hearts and souls of viewers of all generations. Marshak,"Girl, where do you live? Roshchin and the last premiere of "Magic night, or When toys come to life.
The whole creative activity of E. Immediate contact of the actor and the viewer, according to the director, is the basis of a live theater. The first experience of such a theater was the play "Mail to the South" by A. Meyerhold was embodied in architectural form, united the amphitheater of the auditorium and the stage into a large hemisphere. The performance went on an empty stage, which reinforced the impression of a complex light score by the artist E.
Stenberg, and the sound in the performance of a live organ was also unusual. The play performed: G. Taratorkin, A. Kalyagin, G. Burkov, L. Krugly, L. The success was undoubted. The general idea in the wording of the creator sounds like this: "We reject the principle of the theater-cube with the wall removed and peeping - we affirm the principle of "the sphere of communication.
At the end of , the reconstruction of the auditorium of the theater building in the Hermitage Garden was completed. The founder of the theater, E. Yelanskaya, together with the chief artist of the theater, V. Soldatov and architect N. They created a unique in their transformation possibilities all places are removable , the only hall in Moscow at that time was a circular amphitheater with a central and several stage platforms inside it. The spectator as if is drawn into action, becoming an accomplice of what is happening in the performance. It creates a circular communication of the audience through the actors and among themselves, a kind of circular centrifugal force.
According to the creators, the theater is a highly organized form of human communication, and "the only true luxury is the luxury of human communication" A. Moscow Governorate Theater began its existence in It was created by the merger of two regional theaters: the Moscow Regional Drama Theater named after A.
We have learned to play people who have fallen to the bottom of life, to treat the marginal with attention, sometimes being interested more in human physiology than in their soul.
In the Governorate Theater we will be interested in something else: the life of an ordinary person. Ordinary does not mean simple. When we talk about this, we mean those experiences of a person that unite both the rich and the poor. We are building a theater accessible to all. The accessibility of the theater is also expressed in the fact that everyone can attend its performances, including people with disabilities. The theater has a ramp and a lift for the disabled. The Moscow Governorate Theater was the first in Russia to show performances accompanied by audio description, a special explanatory text for people with limited visual abilities.
In order to make this possible, special equipment was installed in the theater, and actresses Irina Bezrukova, Anna Tsang and Elena Khabarova were trained as audio description commentator specialist. This serious name hides a unique team of professional drama actors and musicians, whose performances organically combine folk dramaturgy and directing art, ancient song polyphony and acting skills, ancient Russian musical instruments, bright ethnographic costumes and colorful folk language.
The Historical and Ethnographic Theater was created in by young actors graduating from the M.
Women In Russian Theatre: The Actress In The Silver Age (Gender In Performance)
Shchepkin Theater School, the oldest in Russia, at the Maly Theater, headed by the permanent artistic director of the theater, Mikhail Mizyukov. In recent years, the team has been on tour in Spain, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, twice in Poland, ten times in Germany, toured extensively in Russia. It repeatedly participated in the filming of television films and television programs in Russia, Spain, Germany and Bulgaria. It was founded by Gennady Chikhachev in as a theater-studio. The team received the state status in The theater had its own orchestra, after which various musicals, operettas and performances-concerts were included in the repertoire.
In , the status of state was given to the theater.
The theater troupe includes vocalists and dramatic actors, honored artists and honored cultural workers, laureates of international competitions work here.